Rehabilitation , Observance & Conservation
Philippine crocodile Crocodylus mindorensis
is an endemic, freshwater, crocodilian. It is a small, shy and
harmless animal that does not attack humans unless provoked.
Previously widely distributed throughout the Philippine archipelago,
C. mindorensis is now thought to be
restricted to Mindanao, Negros and Luzon. The last population
estimate put the total number of surviving non-hatchling Philippine
crocodiles at 100.
mindorensis is listed in the IUCN Red
List (Hilton-Taylor 2000) as critically endangered.
The IUCN Crocodile Specialist Group considers
C. mindorensis to be the most severely
threatened crocodile species in the world and placed the species
on the top of the priority list of crocodiles needing conservation
action (Ross 1998).
main threats to the survival of C. mindorensis
are habitat loss, pollution of rivers, and the killing of crocodiles
for skins, meat and amulets, and out of fear or ignorance. Apart
from a captive breeding program on the island of Palawan, which
has so far not reintroduced crocodiles into the wild, no conservation
projects existed for the species until 1999.
remnant population of Philippine crocodiles was discovered in
Northeastern Luzon in 1999. This population is currently considered
to offer the best prospects for in situ conservation of the
species. A Philippine crocodile conservation program was set
up, first under the auspices of the Dutch funded Northern
Sierra Madre Natural Park – Conservation Project (NSMNP-CP),
which was implemented by Plan International.
When this project phased out, the implementers sought to continue
Philippine crocodile conservation.
2002, the Crocodile Rehabilitation, Observance and Conservation
(CROC) project is running the Philippine crocodile
conservation program with funding from the British Petroleum
(BP) Conservation Program (Gold
Award in 2002, Top Follow Up
award in 2003). The CROC project is implemented under the
umbrella of the Cagayan Valley Program on Environment
and Development (CVPED), a joint research and education
program of Isabela State University and Leiden
July 2003, the CROC Project is an officially registered Philippine
NGO: the Mabuwaya Foundation. (Mabuwaya is
a contraction of the Filipino words Mabuhay, welcome
or long live, and Buwaya, crocodile).
J. P. (1998) Crocodiles, status survey and conservation action
plan. 2nd edition. IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group, Gland,
Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
C. (2000) National recovery plan for the Philippine crocodile,
Crocodylus mindorensis. 2000 - 2006. Department of Environment
and Natural Resources (DENR) and the Royal Melbourne Zoological
Gardens. Manila, the Philippines and Melbourne, Australia.
Weerd, M. (2000) “Update on Philippine crocodile occurrence
in the Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park”. In: Crocodile
Specialist Group Newsletter, Vol. 19, No. 4 October 2000 - December
2000. p. 12-14. IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland,